Maha Shivratri 2023: Date, Timing, Shubh Muhurat, Puja Vidhi Method, Significance, Story, Rituals & Mantra

Maha Shivratri 2023 : Date, Timing, Shubh Muhurat, Puja Vidhi Method, Significance, Story, Aarti, Chalisha, Rituals & Mantra in Hindi and English. Mahashivratri 2023 Date, Significance, Puja Vidhi and Time of the Festival Complete Details Check Here.

Maha Shivaratri

Maha Shivratri 2023 Shubh Muhurt, Date & Time: Maha Shivaratri is a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honour of Lord Shiva, and in particular, marks the day of the celebration of marriage of Shiva. There is a Shivaratri in every luni-solar month of the Hindu calendar, on the month’s 13th night/14th day, but once a year in late winter (February/March, or phalgun) and before the arrival of Summer, marks Maha Shivaratri which means “the Great Night of Shiva”.

Maha Shivratri 2020 : Date, Timing, Subah Muhurat, Puja Vidhi Method, Significance, Story, Rituals & Mantra
Maha Shivratri 2023: Date, Timing, Subah Muhurat, Puja Vidhi Method, Significance, Story, Rituals & Mantra
Maha Shivratri 2023 Significance and Importance: साल 2023 में महाशिवरात्रि का त्योहार 18 फरवरी, शनिवार को मनाया जाएगा. फाल्‍गुन मास की चतुर्दशी तिथि 17 फरवरी की रात 8:02 बजे से शुरू होगी और 18 फरवरी की शाम 4:18 बजे समाप्‍त होगी. महाशिवरात्रि व्रत रखने वाले व्रतियों के लिए पारण का शुभ समय 19 फरवरी की सुबह 06:57 बजे से दोपहर 3:33 बजे तक रहेगा

Mahashivaratri is most popular festival in India and celebrated all across World around (Hindus in Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Guyana, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa). We provide details about Maha Shivaratri like Date, Timing, Subah Muhurat, Puja Vidhi Method, Significance, Story, Rituals & Mantra.

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Maha Shivaratri 2023 : Date, Timing, Celebration, Story and Significance
Name of Festival Maha Shivaratri
Also Called মহা শিৱৰাত্রি ( Assamese)
মহা শিবরাত্রি (Bengali)
महा शिबफुजा ( Bodo )
મહા શિવરાત્રી (Gujarati)
ಮಹಾಶಿವರಾತ್ರಿ (Kannada)
മഹാ ശിവരാത്രി (Malayalam)
महा शिवरात्रि (Marathi)
महा शिवरात्रि (Nepali)
ମହା ଶିବରାତ୍ରି (Odia)
ਮਹਾਂ ਸ਼ਿਵਰਾਤਰੀ (Punjabi)
महा शिवरात्रि (Sanskrit)
மகா சிவராத்திரி (Tamil)
మహా శివరాత్రి (Telugu)
Observed by Hindus in Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Guyana, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa
Type Religious
Significance self study, Night of marriage between Shiva and Parvati, yoga
Observances Fasting, yoga, all night vigil, worship of Lingam
Maha Shivaratri 2019 date 4 March (Monday)
Maha Shivaratri 2020 date 21 February (Friday)
Maha Shivaratri 2021 date Thursday, 11 March
Maha Shivaratri 2023 date Saturday, 18 February

Why Mahashivratri Is Celebrated?

The fourteenth day of every lunar month or the day before the new moon is known as Shivratri. Among all the twelve Shivratris that occur in a calendar year, Mahashivratri, the one that occurs in February-March is of the most spiritual significance. On this night, the northern hemisphere of the planet is positioned in such a way that there is a natural upsurge of energy in a human being. This is a day when nature is pushing one towards one’s spiritual peak.

Customs and rituals of Maha Shivratri

While fasting is a significant part of custom, the rituals also call for preparation of satvik delicacies that are consumed during the fast and after breaking the fast post offering the final prayers. Fruits are an irreplaceable part of every religious festival in India.

From offering to the deities to consuming during fast, no celebration is complete without fruits. On Shivratri, many devotees, after performing their morning prayers, indulge in some lips smacking fruit chaat.

Maha Shivaratri Date, Time and Shubh Muhurat

Maha Shivaratri Date Saturday, 18 February, 2023
Maha Shivaratri Puja Time Ratri First Prahar Puja Time – 06:26 PM to 09:30 PM
Ratri Second Prahar Puja Time – 09:30 PM to 12:33 AM, Feb 19
Ratri Third Prahar Puja Time – 12:33 AM to 03:37 AM, Feb 19
Ratri Fourth Prahar Puja Time – 03:37 AM to 06:41 AM, Feb 19
Nishita Kaal Puja Time
12:09 AM to 12:58 AM, Feb 19
Duration – 00 Hours 49 Mins
Shivaratri Parana Time On 19th Feb, Shivaratri Parana Time – 06:41 AM to 03:30 PM
Observational Sunrise time on Maha Shivaratri
Chaturdashi Tithi Begins 08:02 PM on Feb 18, 2023
Chaturdashi Tithi Ends 04:18 PM on Feb 19, 2023

Maha Shivaratri History and significance

The Maha Shivaratri is mentioned in several Puranas, particularly the Skanda Purana, Linga Purana and Padma Purana. These medieval era Shaiva texts present different versions associated with this festival, & mention fasting, reverence for icons of Shiva such as the Lingam.

Chaturdashi Tithi during Krishna Paksha in month of Magha is known as Maha Shivaratri according to South Indian calendar. However according to North Indian calendar Masik Shivaratri in month of Phalguna is known as Maha Shivaratri. On this day, devotees fast and pray to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. The Shivling is worshipped and yellow flowers and milk is offered. People chant mantras such as ‘Om Namah Shivay’ so that Maha Dev bestows his blessings on them.

Maha Shivaratri Puja Vidhi

Step by Step Maha Shivaratri Puja Vidhi 
Here’s Lord Shiva Puja is performed by devotees during Maha Shivaratri as per various texts from religious scriptures:

  1. People believe that one should get up very early in the morning on the day of Maha Shivaratri. Ancient scriptures say that adding sesame seeds to the bathing water purifies it and bathing with this water not only purifies body but also the soul. If possible one should prefer bathing in Ganges.
  2. While taking bath one should take oath to keep fast for the whole day and to break the fast onluy on the subsequent day of Maha Shivaratri. One should seek the blessing of Lord Shiva to stick to their good ways of life and blend love in other’s lives.
  3. The fast of Maha shivaratri is very tough and devotees should abstain themselves from having food in any form during the fasting. Though in general cases people can have fruits and milk during the day time, in the strict form of Puja, people don’t even drink water throughout the day.
  4. In evening before going to the temple for Shiva Linga puja one should again take bath. Those who cannot visit temple for one reason or the other can perform Puja at home by shaping the mud in the Shiva Linga form and applying Ghee to it.
  5. According to the ancient texts and scriptures the Puja need to be performed with various materials like rose water, yogurt, Ghee, milk, honey, sugar, water and sandalwood. The Puja can be done either one time or four times in the whole day.
  6. People who perform Four Prahar Puja should do the Abhishek with water during the first Prahar, second Prahar with curd Abhishek, third Prahar with Ghee Abhishek and the fourth with honey Abhishek.
  7. After performing the Abhishek rituals, the Shiva Linga should be adorned with garlands of bilva leaves. The reason behind using the Bilva leaves is that they placate Lord Shiva.
  8. After adoring the Shuva Linga with Bilva garland, Kumkum and Chnadan is applied and Dhup isw lighted. Then other items like Madar flower, Vibhuti also called as Bhasm are offered to the Shiva Linga.
  9. Thought out the Puja one should keep chanting the Mantra, “Om Namah Shivaya”. The fast should be broken only on the next day of Shivratri after having bath before Chaturdashi Tithi ends and in that way most benefit of the Vrat is obtained.
  10. It is also recommended that one should have only one meal a day before Maha Shivaratri so as to make sure that there is no trace of any undigested food inside the body when you are on fast.

Shree Shiva Ji Ki Aarti

Shiv Ji ki Aarti in English Font Shiv Ji ki Aarti in Hindi Font
॥ Shiv Ji ki Aarti ॥
Om Jai Shiv Omkara,Swami Jai Shiv Omkara।Brahma, Vishnu, Sadashiv,Ardhangi Dhara॥Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥Ekanan ChaturananPanchanan Raje।Hansanan, GarudasanVrishvahan Saje॥Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥Do Bhuj, Chaar ChaturbhujDashabhuj Ati Sohe।Trigun Roop NirakhateTribhuvan Jan Mohe॥Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

Akshamala VanamalaMundamala Dhari।

Tripurari KansariKar Mala Dhari॥

Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

Shvetambar PitambarBaaghambar Ange।

Sankadik GarunadikBhootadik Sange॥

Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

Kar Ke Madhya KamandaluChakra Trishuldhari।

Sukhakari DukhahariJagpalan Kari॥

Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

Brahma Vishnu SadashivJanat Aviveka।

Madhu-Kaitabh Dou Mare,Sur Bhayheen Kare॥

Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

Lakshmi Va SavitriParvati Sanga।

Parvati Ardhangi,Shivalahari Ganga॥

Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

Parvat Sauhen Parvati,Shankar Kailasa।

Bhaang Dhatoor Ka Bhojan,Bhasmi Me vaasa॥

Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

Jataa Me Ganga Bahat Hai,Gal Mundan Mala।

Shesh Naag Liptavat,Odat Mrigchhala॥

Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

Kashi Me Viraje Vishwanath,Nandi Brahmchari।

Nit Uth Darshan Paavat,Mahima Ati Bhaari॥

Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

Trigunswami Ji Ki AartiJo Koi Nar Gave।

Kahat Shivanand Swami,Manvanchhit Phal Pave॥

Om Jai Shiv Omkara॥

॥ शिवजी की आरती ॥
ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा,स्वामी जय शिव ओंकारा।ब्रह्मा, विष्णु, सदाशिव,अर्द्धांगी धारा॥ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥एकानन चतुराननपञ्चानन राजे।हंसासन गरूड़ासनवृषवाहन साजे॥ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥दो भुज चार चतुर्भुजदसभुज अति सोहे।त्रिगुण रूप निरखतेत्रिभुवन जन मोहे॥ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

अक्षमाला वनमालामुण्डमाला धारी।

त्रिपुरारी कंसारीकर माला धारी॥

ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

श्वेताम्बर पीताम्बरबाघम्बर अंगे।

सनकादिक गरुणादिकभूतादिक संगे॥

ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

कर के मध्य कमण्डलुचक्र त्रिशूलधारी।

सुखकारी दुखहारीजगपालन कारी॥

ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

ब्रह्मा विष्णु सदाशिवजानत अविवेका।

मधु-कैटभ दो‌उ मारे,सुर भयहीन करे॥

ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

लक्ष्मी व सावित्रीपार्वती संगा।

पार्वती अर्द्धांगी,शिवलहरी गंगा॥

ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

पर्वत सोहैं पार्वती,शंकर कैलासा।

भांग धतूर का भोजन,भस्मी में वासा॥

ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

जटा में गंग बहत है,गल मुण्डन माला।

शेष नाग लिपटावत,ओढ़त मृगछाला॥

ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

काशी में विराजे विश्वनाथ,नन्दी ब्रह्मचारी।

नित उठ दर्शन पावत,महिमा अति भारी॥

ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

त्रिगुणस्वामी जी की आरतिजो कोइ नर गावे।

कहत शिवानन्द स्वामी,मनवान्छित फल पावे॥

ॐ जय शिव ओंकारा॥

Shree Shiva Chalisa

Lord Shiva Chalisa – English Lyrics Lord Shiva Chalisa – Hindi Lyrics
॥ दोहा ॥
जय गणेश गिरिजा सुवन,मंगल मूल सुजान।कहत अयोध्यादास तुम,देहु अभय वरदान॥॥ चौपाई ॥
जय गिरिजा पति दीन दयाला।सदा करत सन्तन प्रतिपाला॥भाल चन्द्रमा सोहत नीके।कानन कुण्डल नागफनी के॥अंग गौर शिर गंग बहाये।मुण्डमाल तन क्षार लगाए॥वस्त्र खाल बाघम्बर सोहे।छवि को देखि नाग मन मोहे॥मैना मातु की हवे दुलारी।बाम अंग सोहत छवि न्यारी॥कर त्रिशूल सोहत छवि भारी।करत सदा शत्रुन क्षयकारी॥नन्दि गणेश सोहै तहँ कैसे।सागर मध्य कमल हैं जैसे॥

कार्तिक श्याम और गणराऊ।या छवि को कहि जात न काऊ॥

देवन जबहीं जाय पुकारा।तब ही दुख प्रभु आप निवारा॥

किया उपद्रव तारक भारी।देवन सब मिलि तुमहिं जुहारी॥

तुरत षडानन आप पठायउ।लवनिमेष महँ मारि गिरायउ॥

आप जलंधर असुर संहारा।सुयश तुम्हार विदित संसारा॥

त्रिपुरासुर सन युद्ध मचाई।सबहिं कृपा कर लीन बचाई॥

किया तपहिं भागीरथ भारी।पुरब प्रतिज्ञा तासु पुरारी॥

दानिन महँ तुम सम कोउ नाहीं।सेवक स्तुति करत सदाहीं॥

वेद माहि महिमा तुम गाई।अकथ अनादि भेद नहिं पाई॥

प्रकटी उदधि मंथन में ज्वाला।जरत सुरासुर भए विहाला॥

कीन्ही दया तहं करी सहाई।नीलकण्ठ तब नाम कहाई॥

पूजन रामचन्द्र जब कीन्हा।जीत के लंक विभीषण दीन्हा॥

सहस कमल में हो रहे धारी।कीन्ह परीक्षा तबहिं पुरारी॥

एक कमल प्रभु राखेउ जोई।कमल नयन पूजन चहं सोई॥

कठिन भक्ति देखी प्रभु शंकर।भए प्रसन्न दिए इच्छित वर॥

जय जय जय अनन्त अविनाशी।करत कृपा सब के घटवासी॥

दुष्ट सकल नित मोहि सतावै।भ्रमत रहौं मोहि चैन न आवै॥

त्राहि त्राहि मैं नाथ पुकारो।येहि अवसर मोहि आन उबारो॥

लै त्रिशूल शत्रुन को मारो।संकट ते मोहि आन उबारो॥

मात-पिता भ्राता सब होई।संकट में पूछत नहिं कोई॥

स्वामी एक है आस तुम्हारी।आय हरहु मम संकट भारी॥

धन निर्धन को देत सदा हीं।जो कोई जांचे सो फल पाहीं॥

अस्तुति केहि विधि करैं तुम्हारी।क्षमहु नाथ अब चूक हमारी॥

शंकर हो संकट के नाशन।मंगल कारण विघ्न विनाशन॥

योगी यति मुनि ध्यान लगावैं।शारद नारद शीश नवावैं॥

नमो नमो जय नमः शिवाय।सुर ब्रह्मादिक पार न पाय॥

जो यह पाठ करे मन लाई।ता पर होत है शम्भु सहाई॥

ॠनियां जो कोई हो अधिकारी।पाठ करे सो पावन हारी॥

पुत्र होन कर इच्छा जोई।निश्चय शिव प्रसाद तेहि होई॥

पण्डित त्रयोदशी को लावे।ध्यान पूर्वक होम करावे॥

त्रयोदशी व्रत करै हमेशा।ताके तन नहीं रहै कलेशा॥

धूप दीप नैवेद्य चढ़ावे।शंकर सम्मुख पाठ सुनावे॥

जन्म जन्म के पाप नसावे।अन्त धाम शिवपुर में पावे॥

कहैं अयोध्यादास आस तुम्हारी।जानि सकल दुःख हरहु हमारी॥

॥ दोहा ॥
नित्त नेम उठि प्रातः ही,पाठ करो चालीसा।

तुम मेरी मनोकामना,पूर्ण करो जगदीश॥

मगसिर छठि हेमन्त ॠतु,संवत चौसठ जान।

स्तुति चालीसा शिवहि,पूर्ण कीन कल्याण॥

Sri Shiv chalisa

|| Doha ||

Jai Ganesh Girija Suvan,Mangal Mul Sujan

Kahat Ayodhya Das Tum Dev Abhaya Varadan

|| Chaupai ||

Jai Girija Pati Dinadayala
Sada Karat Santan Pratipala
Bhala Chandrama Sohat Nike
Kanan Kundal Nagaphani Ke

Anga Gaur Shira Ganga Bahaye
Mundamala Tan Chhara Lagaye
Vastra Khala Baghambar Sohain
Chhavi Ko Dekha Naga Muni Mohain

Maina Matu Ki Havai Dulari
Vama Anga Sohat Chhavi Nyari
Kara Trishul Sohat Chhavi Bhari
Karat Sada Shatrun Chhayakari

Nandi Ganesh Sohain Tahan Kaise
Sagar Madhya Kamal Hain Jaise
Kartik Shyam Aur Ganara-U
Ya Chhavi Ko Kahi Jata Na Ka-U

Devan Jabahi Jaya Pukara
Tabahi Dukha Prabhu Apa Nivara
Kiya Upadrav Tarak Bhari
Devan Sab Mili Tumahi Juhari

Turata Shadanana Apa Pathayau
Lava-Ni-Mesh Mahan Mari Girayau
Apa Jalandhara Asura Sanhara
Suyash Tumhara Vidit Sansara

Tripurasur Sana Yudha Macha-I
Sabhi Kripakar Lina Bacha-I
Kiya Tapahin Bhagiratha Bhari
Purva Pratigya Tasu Purari

Danin Mahan Tum Sama Kou Nahin
Sevak Astuti Karat Sadahin
Veda Nam Mahima Tab Ga-I
Akatha Anandi Bhed Nahin Pa-I

Prakati Udadhi Mantan Men Jvala
Jarat Sura-Sur Bhaye Vihala
Kinha Daya Tahan Kari Sara-I
Nilakantha Tab Nam Kaha-I

Pujan Ramchandra Jab Kinha
Jiti Ke Lanka Vibhishan Dinhi
Sahas Kamal Men Ho Rahe Dhari
Kinha Pariksha Tabahin Purari

Ek Kamal Prabhu Rakheu Joi
Kushal-Nain Pujan Chaha Soi
Kathin Bhakti Dekhi Prabhu Shankar
Bhaye Prasanna Diye-Ichchhit Var

Jai Jai Jai Anant Avinashi
Karat Kripa Sabake Ghat Vasi
Dushta Sakal Nit Mohin Satavai
Bhramat Rahe Mohin Chain Na Avai

Trahi-Trahi Main Nath Pukaro
Yahi Avasar Mohi Ana Ubaro
Lai Trishul Shatrun Ko Maro
Sankat Se Mohin Ana Ubaro

Mata Pita Bhrata Sab Hoi
Sankat Men Puchhat Nahin Koi
Svami Ek Hai Asha Tumhari
Ava Harahu Aba Sankat Bhari

Dhan Nirdhan Ko Deta Sada hi
Jo Koi Janche So Phal Pahin
Astuti Kehi Vidhi Karai Tumhari
Kshamahu Nath Aba Chuka Hamari

Shankar Ho Sankat Ke Nishan
Vighna Vinashan Mangal Karan
Yogi Yati Muni Dhyan Lagavan
Sharad Narad Shisha Navavain

Namo Namo Jai Namah Shivaya
Sura Brahmadik Par Na Paya
Jo Yah Patha Karai Man Lai
Tapar Hota Hai Shambhu Saha-I

Riniyan Jo Koi Ho Adhikari
Patha Karai So Pavan Hari
Putra-hin Ichchha Kar Koi
Nischaya Shiva Prasad Tehi Hoi

Pandit Trayodashi Ko Lavai
Dhyan-Purvak Homa Karavai
Trayodashi Vrat Kare Hamesha
Tan Nahin Take Rahe Kalesha

Dhupa Dipa Naivedya Charhavai,Shankar sanmukh paath sunave
Janam Janam ke paap nasave,Anta Vasa Shivapur Men Pavai
Kahai Ayodhya Asha Tumhari, Jani Sakal Dukha Harahu Hamari

Nitya Nema kari Pratahi
Patha karau Chalis
Tum Meri Man Kamana
Purna Karahu Jagadish

Lord Shiva Chalisa – Hindi, English Lyrics Video

Shiva Mantras

1. Shiva Moola Mantra
ॐ नमः शिवाय॥

Om Namah Shivaya॥

2. Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra
ॐ त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम्
उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान् मृत्योर्मुक्षीय मामृतात्॥

Om Tryambakam Yajamahe Sugandhim Pushti-Vardhanam
Urvarukamiva Bandhanan Mrityormukshiya Mamritat॥

3. Rudra Gayatri Mantra
ॐ तत्पुरुषाय विद्महे महादेवाय धीमहि
तन्नो रुद्रः प्रचोदयात्॥

Om Tatpurushaya Vidmahe Mahadevaya Dhimahi
Tanno Rudrah Prachodayat॥

108 Names of Lord Shiva | Ashtottara Shatanamavali of Lord Shiva

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